The Codes

Titlesort icon Author Date Place Description
A Design Primer for Cities and Towns Anne Mackin and Alex Krieger 1989 United States This is a manual directed at a community audience. It gives information on town planning and design, with suggestions for how communities can get the urbanism they desire.
A Landscape of Choice The Growth Alternatives Alliance 1998 United States - Fresno County, CA A document that offers strategies, principles, and policy recommendations for a growing agricultural region.
A Pattern Language Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa, Murray Silverstein et.al. 1977 United States This is one of the first attempts at a universal code for urbanism. It consists of a vocabulary of 'patterns'. Some are supportive of neighborhood structure.
Building with Nantucket in Mind: Guidelines for Protecting the Historic Architecture and Landscape of Nantucket Island J. Christopher Lang 1995 United States - Nantucket Island, MA A design manual providing guidelines for historic preservation and for traditional building design.
Congested Districts Act 1897 Parliament 1897 Scotland Created the Congested Districts Board to administer funds to develop agriculture and industry as well as improve infrastructure such as streets and bridges to facilitate migration out of cities.
Justinian’s Code Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor 6th century Eastern Roman Empire The Justinian Code (or Corpus Juris Civilis) is a compilation of Roman law published during the reign of Emperor Justinian I (A.D. 483–565).
Model Land Development Code for Florida Cities and Counties Center For Governmental Responsibility, U. of Florida & Henigar and Ray Engineering Associates 1989 United States - Florida This is a model development code developed to assist local governments complying with Florida's growth management laws. It includes certain development bonuses within mixed use and urban districts and provides a traditional neighborhood district intended as a floating zone.
Onondaga County Settlement Plan Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company 1999 United States - New York A charrette report describing twelve guidelines for a county plan.
Orlando Naval Training Center Planned Development Application Orlando NTC Partners 1998 United States - Orlando, FL This is an application for a master planned redevelopment of a decommissioned naval center.
Performance Zoning Lane Kendig with Susan Connor, Cranston Byrd, and Judy Heyman 1980 United States This is the manual that introduced the concept of performance zoning. It includes a complete model ordinance.
Responsive Environments Ian Bentley, Alan Alcock, Sue McGlynn, Paul Murrain, Graham Smith 1985 England This is a manual for professional planners and designers. Its chapters offer principles concerning permeability, variety, robustness, visual appropriateness, richness, and personalization.
Rural Village Ordinance Loudoun County Planning Department, Milton J. Herd, Director 1991 United States - Loudoun County, VA This is an ordinance for the creation of rural villages along with preservation of outlying rural lands.
SmartCode Duany Plater-Zyberk and Company (DPZ) 2003 United States "The SmartCode is a model transect-based development code available for all scales of planning, from the region to the community to the block and building. The code is intended for local calibration to your town or neighborhood. As a form-based code, the SmartCode keeps towns compact and rural lands open, while reforming the destructive sprawl-producing patterns of separated use zoning" (SmartCode Central)
Sustainable Suburb Study Calgary Planning and Building Department Staff 1995 Calgary, Canada This document stops short of being a code, for political reasons intentionally remaining a guideline. It strongly enforces the neighborhood structure.
The Ahwahnee Principles Local Government Commission et al. 1991 United States These are principles indistinguishable from a checklist. The 23 principles could easily become a code as if structured with activating language. This document advocates the rethinking of our patterns of development. It is supportive of neighborhood structure.
The Ahwahnee Principles for Smart Economic Development Rick Cole, Trish Kelly, and Judy Corbett with Sharon Sprowls 2001 United States Argues for a 'third wave' of economic development, working on holistic community building strategies in order to sustain a community's economic health. It lists fourteen principles, and chapters provide recommendations and case studies for each.
The Connected City Robert Cowan 1997 England This is a pamphlet directed at citizens. It expresses the familiar intent of reforming conventional suburban development practices to make urbanism more livable.
The Growth Management Handbook Samuel Hamill Jr., John Keene, David Kinsey, and Roger Lewis 1989 United States This is a manual for planners writing ordinances. It advocates a 'managed growth' philosophy compatible with the design aspects of neighborhood structure.
The Neighborhood Model: Building Block for the Development Areas Torti Gallas and Partners, et.al. 2000 United States- County of Albermarle, VA This is a county plan that draws on New Urbanist principles. It includes concepts, principles, examples, and guidelines for implementation.
The Subdivision and Site Plan Handbook David Listokin and Carole Walker 1989 United States - New Jersey This was a model ordinance for the State of New Jersey, republished for a national target audience.
The Ten Books on Architecture Vitruvius 1st Century BC Various This chapter describes Vitruvius’ ideas on the siting of new towns.
Traditional Village Ordinance Correa, Valle & Valle 1997 United States - Monroe County, FL This is a TND ordinance written for small villages. There is no other model except for neighborhoods here.
Transit-Oriented Development Guidelines Calthorpe Associates 1992 United States - San Diego, CA This is a complete TOD ordinance. Each page has a code element, discussion, and justification. The core area is compatible with neighborhood provisions.
Visions for a New American Dream Anton C. Nelessen 1994 United States This is a manual for the planning and design of small communities. It is supportive of neighborhood structure. The book moves from concept to principles to giving a sample ordinance.